On March 30, 2017, the Parliament adopted Laws 48 and 49 on the establishment of the Criminal Assets Recovery Agency and the creation of the legal framework for conducting parallel financial investigations to recover criminal assets, interdepartmental and international cooperation, negotiate the repatriation of criminal assets, as well as seize, assess, administrate and estimate the value of criminal assets.
The creation and operation of the Criminal Assets Recovery Agency was dictated by the commitments made by the Republic of Moldova as within the framework of the Association Agreement with European Union, so in the commitments that derived from the international conventions: United Nation Convention Against Corruption, United Nations Convention Against Transnational Organized Crime.
By aligning the Republic of Moldova to the international standards in the field of criminal assets recovery, the aim was to strengthen the capacities and necessary instruments.
In the initial drafting of the Law no. 48 and art. 229-2 of the Code of Criminal Procedure, the Agency had the competence to conduct parallel financial investigations within the framework of the criminal investigation of corruption crimes, related crimes and money laundering, i.e. crimes related to the attributions of the criminal investigation body of the NAC and of the Anticorruption Prosecution Office.
Subsequently, by Law 261 of 07.12.2017 on the amendments and completion of some legislative acts (in force since 12.01.2018) the attributes of the CARA have been expanded, being completed with the exhaustive list of 54 profit-generating crimes, within which the Agency can conduct parallel financial investigations, including: corruption offences, drug trafficking, human trafficking, organized crime, tax evasion, smuggling, money laundering, etc.
Although the Law of the Criminal Assets Recovery Agency came in force on Mai 19, 2017, the first personnel of the Agency was hired between September and December 2017, when the public contest aimed at selecting the head of the Agency took place.
Thus, at the beginning of 2018, 8 persons were employed within the CARA.
Subsequently, on 29.03.2018 pursuant to the Parliament Decision no. 62, the maximum staff of the NAC was modified, and in the basis of the approval of the State Chancellery of 23.06.2018 of the new Structure of the Center, the personnel of the Agency was completed with 10 positions, filled only by October 2018, the period, when the Agency became functional in its present format.
On 19.12.2019 pursuant to the Parliament Decision no. 181 of 19.12.2019, the limit staff of the NAC was modified, as a result the staff of the Agency was completed with 17 positions.
Currently, 30 employees operate within the Agency (5 temporarily vacant positions).